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Acupuncture Body Points,
the Basis of the Meridian Theory

The acupuncture body points, also called acupoints or holes, are where the Qi (Chee) energy enters the body and flows to deeper organs. According to acupuncture literature, these points, together with the meridians form a network of energy channels.

Number of Acupuncture Points

In ancient times, the number of acupuncture body points was established to be the same as the number of days in the year; that is 365. These points were mapped to 14 major meridians lines, one meridian for each of the 12 inner organs, one meridian along the spine and another along the midline of the abdomen.

The 12 inner organs are: the lung, kidney, gallbladder, stomach, spleen, heart, small intestine, large intestine, gall bladder, urinary bladder, san jiao (three heater) and pericardium (heart protector / or circulation sex meridian).

More recently, the number of points identified by acupuncturists has expanded. There are extra meridians with their own set of points, and special points along the outer ears, on the nose, in the scalp, on the hands and feet, and at the wrists and ankles.

They form a network of energy channels with the meridians and become the acupuncture medical charts.

Impact and Effect

The Chinese believes that when Qi (Chee) flows freely through the meridians, the body is balanced and healthy. But if the energy becomes blocked or weakened, it can result in physical, mental or emotional ill health.

An imbalance in a person�s body can cause excess anger, over-excitement, depression and fear. Environmental factors such as cold, dampness/humidity, wind, dryness, and heat can also cause an imbalance and may result in having an inappropriate diet, or over-exertion, either through work or exercise.

To restore the balance, the acupuncturist stimulates the acupuncture points that will counteract the imbalance, restore health or prevent the development of disease. It is important to note that the points that the practitioner chooses to stimulate may not necessarily be at the site of the symptoms.

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